Histophilus somni infection: an outbreak in cattle in Cental Italy

Home Knowledge Histophilus somni infection: an outbreak in cattle in Cental Italy

Histophilus somni infection: an outbreak in cattle in Cental Italy

Histophilus somni (formerly known as Haemophilus somnus) was first identified as a bovine pathogen responsible for thrombotic meningoencephalitis (TME) only 55 years ago. The only known habitats of H. somni are the mucosal surfaces of ruminants, making this bacterium an opportunistic pathogen. Nowadays, H. somni is responsible for a wide variety of systemic diseases in addition to TME, including respiratory disease syndromes, myocarditis, reproductive disease syndromes, polyarthritis, mastitis, eye disease and septicaemia.