GUMBOHATCH® INSIGHTS #6

Beranda Pengetahuan GUMBOHATCH® INSIGHTS #6

Field results: Improvements with immune-complex vaccine (Part 2)

 

Introduction:

GUMBOHATCH® is a new immune-complex vaccine against Infectious bursal disease (IBD) developed by HIPRA (Spain). This new immune-complex vaccine has introduced a different formulation (IgY of egg origin) and control parameters (free IgY detection and neutralization control) to ensure the complete coating of the IBDV virus.

All these new improvements have resulted in a newly formulated immune-complex vaccine, which ensures the maintenance of the maximum potency of the vaccine and consistent results in the field, even in the presence of high levels of maternal antibodies1.

The aim of this multicentre, positive-controlled and blind clinical trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of GUMBOHATCH® (immune-complex vaccine against Infectious bursal disease) when administered via the in ovo route under field conditions compared with a standard formulated immune-complex vaccine in Brazil.


Methods:

A total of 112,100 chicks in a hatchery were vaccinated in ovo (18 days of incubation) with GUMBOHATCH® (n= 56,200) or with a commercial IBD-complex vaccine (n=55,900) as a reference for a standard formulated vaccine, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

After hatching, the chicks were distributed to 3 commercial broiler farms located in the Paraná state. On each farm the two groups were housed in separate units under identical conditions and monitored up to the end of rearing (40 days of life). Several safety and efficacy parameters were evaluated during this period.

Blood sampling and necropsy of 15 chicks per group and farm were performed at different time points. Antibody titres to the IBD virus were determined using CIVTEST® AVI IBD (HIPRA). During necropsies, macroscopic bursal lesions were evaluated and bursal imprints were collected on FTA cards for PCR analysis. Data from the three farms were analysed altogether.


Results:
 

• SAFETY: No adverse reactions to either of the two vaccines were observed.
Similar hatchability, body weight after hatching, European Production Efficiency Factor and Ratio of Bursa-to-Body weight (BB ratio) were observed in both groups.
The overall incidence of bursal lesions was low and similar in both groups, although the incidence of petechial lesions in the GUMBOHATCH® group was significantly lower (p=0.04).

• EFFICACY: No clinical outbreak of IBD occurred on any farm. Similar results were observed in both groups in terms of performance parameters such as body weight gain and feed conversion rate (Table 1).

TABLE 1:  Productive results at the end of rearing (40 days of life). Statistically significant differences (p<0.05). *EPEF: European Production Efficiency Factor.


PCR results from bursal imprints evidenced replication of the vaccine virus from day 21 onwards in both groups, coinciding with a progressive decrease in the BB ratio (Figure 1).

FIGURE 1:  Evolution of Bursa-to-body weight ratio (BB ratio) (mean± SEM). *Statistically significant differences (p<0.05).

 

The development of antibody titres to the IBD virus after vaccination followed a similar pattern in both groups, with a progressive decrease in maternally-derived antibodies between days 0 and 21. However, in the case of the GUMBOHATCH® group, the maternally-derived antibodies were higher on each of the follow-up days (0, 14 and 21 days) compared with the standard formulated vaccine group.

The decrease in the maternally-derived antibodies was followed by a rapid increase in vaccine-induced antibodies from day 28 onwards up to the end of rearing.  

Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in vaccine-induced antibody titres were detected on day 35 in favour of the GUMBOHATCH® group (Figure 2), evidencing a faster humoral protection.



FIGURE 2:  Development of serum antibody titres to the IBD Virus; ELISA titre (mean± SEM) (cut-off value =357). *Statistically significant differences (p<0.05).

 

Conclusions

The results obtained in this study allow the conclusion to be drawn that vaccination with GUMBOHATCH® is safe and confers a faster humoral protection against IBD for the whole productive cycle of broiler chicks when administered via the in ovo route under field conditions.

The rapid humoral response observed with GUMBOHATCH®, compared to a standard formulated vaccine, even when higher maternal antibodies were present, may correspond to the new formulation and controls performed that prevent the neutralization of the vaccine virus when in contact with high levels of maternal antibodies.

 

REFERENCES:

1Perozo et al. 2019. World Veterinarian Poultry Association Congress. 0262.

© Laboratorios Hipra, S.A. All Rights Reserved.
No part of these contents may be reproduced, copied, modified or adapted, without the prior written consent of HIPRA.

 

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